Ideas Factory Research

Practitioner: CAMPANA BROTHERS

Two Brazilian designers, that are also brothers named Fernando and Humberto Campana have utilised naturilistic materials to reinvent urban spaces and create furniture, sculptures and scenography. An essential aspect to their work is the use of waste and recycled materials, also themes regularly explored are things like globalisation.

As well as using sustainable/recycled materials, in some works like the Pirarucu cabinet they've used the skin of a sustainably caught fish called the ' eponymous fish'. This animal is from brazil, which links to the brothers strong concepts surrounding Brazilian subjects. Unconventional materials and processes are combined in their work and the inspiration of all things Brazil comes through again and again. The amethyst collection include glass screens covered in amethyst, a crystal mined in their home country, which were created to imitate a  crystal mine where the viewer can explore and be surrounded by these glowing rocks that seem to hang in mid-air. Also the contribution of a social kind has been put in place to create the ' Leather Alligator Banquet Sofa' for the 'Stuffed Toy Collection'. Women incarserated have been involved in the stitching of this piece, the ideas behind this invoke a happy feeling knowing someone in a less fortunate position still can create and contribute to such a valuable cause.

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Process: CUT

Karl Nawrot has designed very graphic typeface style pieces of art, it looks as if he cuts away paper to show negative space using multiple layers of material. They function as 'stencils or 'design tools'.

From his work I thought about creating a font that is used as a stamp or stencil to cut through my material: paper. Also using the combination of negative and positive space displayed through some of Karl Nawrot's work.

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Jonny Holmes

Using a laser cutter Jonny Holmes created a stamp based on a 'Bodoni Poster font' It has very decorative patterns engraved into 3mm plywood which is then mounted onto some other blocks, to create prints.

Using typography in this way and the process of laser cutting gives the blocks a modern aesthetic also creating them in this three dimensional style gives them versatility because they can be used to print and also used just as a piece on their own as a visual set. Using a typography which has a similar style to Karl Nawrot and Jonny Holmes i could combine the visual appearances and apply them to create a cutting stencil rather than a printing stencil. My process of cutting can be used on the paper to make an alphabet that also uses natural imagery which is influenced by the Campana Brothers.

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Material: PAPER

With a similar design to Tokujin Yoshioka's chair using the a honeycomb structure, from paper you can createstrong shapes that can interlock to form three dimensional pieces of work just by cutting into them and joining them in other different ways. Bianca chang compiles layers in 'Form in White' where paper is used to create sculptures that contain graphic and bold shapes. Through her work I can see a possibility for a functional use by cutting out usable objects out of paper for instance flash cards that have been  laser cut and hung with string or pins.

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Bianca Chang

By cutting paper at certain angles and repeating the process Bianca Chang has layered the white paper to produce minimalistic 3-D forms. These are very contrasting with the almost two dimensional paper sheet that she originally started with. One piece at the end of the video 'YUCK' uses 90 sheets of paper and contains lettering which is a very complex process to cut the paper the exact same size over and over again, but leaves you with a very bold end product.

In her work she uses very bold typefaces and through my idea i want to enable to people to create this themselves and project it onto pieces of paper. This interactive element may encourage people to want to visit the exhibition and share it with their friends because notes and messages can be written all over the pieces of paper then they are layered upon each other to create stories, words and over lapping shapes.

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Edra Vermelha armchair

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Product Analysis

“We always say that first comes the material, then the form, and finally we elaborate the function of the product by studying its ergonomics, limitations, and capabilities,”

500 metres of red rope was used to create the chair it was sourced from a local street stall, also the product contains a steel frame and aluminium legs. At first the structure seems random with certain bits hanging lower than others and overlapping unevenly but the designers took great care in weaving and plaiting the material to create a functional seat. This unconventional use of the rope opens up ideas and breaks boundaries on what we see as a piece of furniture, and which materials make up these products. The brothers described their studio as a 'Favela' that has an abundance of colours and textures that they wish everybody could see, The unusual nature of the chair suddenly becomes very classical in it's form after watching the two artists in a few videos. As if the rope was anterior to the first materials used on chairs. This comfort with unusual materials and modern artistry and processes gives the work a relaxed design compared to lots of modern furniture today.

Having gained international success as a product this gave the brothers a platform to experiment and explore new ideas of product design and sculpture.

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Typography

Typography from what I've researched is the arrangement and layout of the letters on a page and also their design and position aligned together. But in a broader sense it could be seen as an arrangement of any types of shapes and how they appear together to form letter forms and typefaces. The font of letters used also plays a large role, distorting letters, stretching and resizing them can have a contrasting effect on which parts of a sentence we focus on more this could have a contrasting effect on the viewers of the product or users.

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Typography Diagram

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Cutting Stencils

I wanted to look at a new way of cutting paper using a metal stencil, that can be held and programmed to a certain shape and that is held almost like a stamp. I found a product made my MSSC that is a manual stencil machine for cardboard and paper creating easily readable characters. You input the letter and pull the lever and the machine stamps through the material to leave a cut-out and then the machine moves along.

This kind of size machine is very easy use, advancing this kind of product to make it more varied and customised in the patterns it creates would be a very versatile product that could be used to create quick pieces of art, letters or posters.

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Ai Wei Wei

'Rooted Apon' uses 100 pieces of dead Chinese tree's. He extracted them from the ground and places them in the exhibition hall. The Chinese influence is seen as he attempts to refresh the memory of Chinese society by showing them their 'past' and history through the tree's. The 'Identity of a nation' has been lost from Ai WeiWei's view point and he's explored how he can bring to light the greatness and nobility of a country like China as apposed to the present day social position. 

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'Rooted Upon', 2009, 100 pieces of tree trunks. From 'So Sorry' Collection

Trees, 2009-2010

This traditional piece of work allows the viewer to physically walk around the tree's as they act like a forestry environment and may even bring back familiarities and memories of places with tall tree's. The work is so much more than just up-rooted trees, as Ai WeiWei has combined the sections of all different tree's together to reconstruct the physical form. As the wood was sourced form all over the country of China it represents a whole country of people and their similarities and differences, chopped up and reconstructed together as a whole.

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